Abstract—Contributions from men to radiation science are well
known, particularly the early contributions from such luminaries
as William Roentgen, James Chadwick, Niels Bohr, Robert
Oppenheimer, and the like. Although not ignored per se, beyond
Marie Curie and Lise Meitner, the contributions of female nuclear
scientists are not as widely recognized. This paper provides
a concise historical summary of contributions to radiation science
from the discovery of radiation through the current status of international
leadershipwithin the radiation protection community.
Beyond lead scientists and academics, this paper also considers
support personnel aswell as the rolewomen have played in the advancement
of radiation epidemiology.